The California Legislature officially adjourned for its summer recess on July 16, but not before approving a monumental education budget for the new fiscal year and passing a number of new educational laws.
Here are the toplines:
A Monumental TK-12 Education Budget: At long last, California’s education spending exceeds the national average! The 2021-22 budget is estimated to spend ~$21,000 per pupil.
Big Steps Taken Toward Cal Grant Expansion & Reform: An estimated 133,000 more post-secondary students will benefit from reforms to Cal Grant eligibility requirements.
GO Family Leaders at the State Capitol: After 2019 trip to the state Capitol, GO Family Leaders see much progress on the state data system and movement on high school’s requiring 12th graders to complete financial aid applications.
A Monumental TK-12 Education Budget
Governor Gavin Newsom signed an enormous education budget for the 2021-22 school year. Relying in part on state and federal funding from COVID relief, this budget is estimated to spend about $21,000 per pupil, which would — at long last — place California’s education spending above the national average.
We’ve addressed some of the provisions that made it into this budget in previous editions of this newsletter, but we thought it would be helpful to summarize a few of them again here:
- Overall Spending: The state would increase their general fund spending on education (sometimes called Proposition 98 spending) to $93.7 billion. The state also applies a more than 5% cost of living adjustment to education expenditures and repays $11 billion in deferred funding, which was required due to pandemic-related budgetary uncertainty.
- Universal Transitional Kindergarten (TK): In California, four-year-olds who will turn five between September 2nd and December 2nd are currently eligible for an additional year of school called transitional kindergarten. The state will now expand transitional kindergarten beginning in 2022-23, with the intent to achieve universal transitional kindergarten by 2025-26.
- LCFF Concentration Grant Increase: Under California’s Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF), districts where more than 55% of students are classified as low-income, English Learners, or foster youth receive additional “concentration grant” funding. The amount of funding for these concentration grants will increase in this year’s budget, from 50% of the LCFF base grant to 65%.
- Extending the School Day and Year: Based on rates of low-income students, English Learners, and foster youth in grades TK-6, districts will receive funding to provide additional extended day and summer learning opportunities for students. Starting with about $1.75 billion this year, this program will grow to approximately $5 billion by 2025, and will require districts to make these programs available to all elementary school students.
- Addressing the Teacher Shortage: California will invest nearly $3 billion to provide additional teacher professional development and to help address its persistent teacher shortage. That includes funding for new teacher residencies and for expanding the Golden State Teacher Grant, which subsidizes credentials for educators who commit to teaching in low-income schools.
- Funding for Community Schools: The state will spend $3 billion to fund schools with wrap-around services for students and families, such as physical and mental health clinics or day cares.
Recognizing the barriers to accessing financial aid resources for college, GO supported AB 1456 (Medina), otherwise known as the Cal Grant Reform Act. While the 2021-22 Legislative Budget does not fully adopt AB 1456, it does call for some critical changes to increase college affordability for California’s low-income students. The table below outlines some of the key differences between AB 1456’s proposed language and the final budget trailer bill.
Overall, the Legislature’s 2021-22 budget estimates that 133,000 more post-secondary students will benefit from the new budget as well as shifts in policy and practice. And while advocates celebrate these changes, the work to further expand college affordability for California students is far from over.
GO Family Leaders at the State Capitol
Just over two years ago, our GO Family Leaders traveled to the State Capitol to show support for Governor Newsom’s then-proposed $10 million investment in the State Longitudinal Data System (SLDS). We celebrated alongside other advocates when we learned that California voted to move forward with this investment in what is now referred to as the Cradle to Career Data System, and are thrilled to see this effort again prioritized in this year’s budget.
The Cradle to Career Data System is defined as a system “intended to link education, workforce, health and human service data systems to better provide public data on educational outcomes and services for students and families. The system will be governed by a 21-person board, comprised of representatives from data providers, eight members of the public appointed by the Governor and Legislature, and two members of the Legislature.”
During that same visit in 2019, GO parents also advocated for a piece of legislation that would have made the completion of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and the California Dream Act Application (CADAA) a high school graduation requirement for California’s public school students. Since then, the GO network has continued to support efforts to increase access to critical financial resources needed to help California’s students attend college. We were thrilled to see the trailer bill create a new requirement for schools to confirm that students enrolled in 12th grade complete either the FAFSA or CADAA, beginning in the 2022-23 school year.
Darcel Sanders, Chief Executive Officer